The quicker the urbanization, the more likely it is to have dengue fever

Content is translated from Vietnamese into English by Google Translate

New in June, far away from the usual dengue fever season in Hanoi, but Hoang Duc Hanh – deputy director of Hanoi Health Department – said the number of hemorrhage fever in Hanoi increased. Very strong, 2-3 times over the same period of 2016.

The quicker the urbanization, the more likely it is bleeding

A dengue fever patient is being treated at Dong Da General Hospital (Hanoi) – Photo by: NGUYEN KHANH

After many years Hanoi has no deaths due to dengue fever, this year has a Hanoi female student died from the disease. The mosquitoes’ density and litter numbers in many areas exceeded the alarming level: 0.5 mosquitoes / house and lobster index of 30-50 (mosquito density of 0.5 children / house and lobster index 20 was the alarming level).

Lo epidemic in urbanized area

According to Hoang Duc Hanh, there are more than 100 dengue hemorrhagic fever patients per week in Hanoi, while in the whole country, there are about 1,700-1,800 cases / week.

Compared with general, Hanoi is not the province with the highest number of cases, but the time this year, Hanoi in the season dengue fever earlier, from around May, while every year has to start September In season.

Mr. Hanh said that districts such as Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Hoang Mai, Hoai Duc and Thanh Xuan have high blood pressure. These are also heavily urbanized areas with many new high rise buildings being built.

“By early June, Hanoi had more than 1,500 dengue fever patients and one death. The weather is complicated, hot and humid and the weather is very suitable for mosquitoes to develop, so we worry about outbreaks like 2009 – that year there are 14,000 to 15,000 patients with dengue fever ” Mr. Hanh said.

Other than the previous stage, the dengue fever in the South showed that dengue fever appeared all year round, even in the early months of the dry season. According to Phan Trong Lan, Time is not peak translation.

“Disease surveillance has shown that dengue is moving from infected areas in the South West to provinces with rapid industrialization and development, such as Binh Duong, Dong Nai, Ba Ria – Vung Tau, and Ho Chi Minh City. Patients’ age has also increased, with only 20% of dengue hemorrhagic fever being prevalent in 2007, but recent high-speed urbanization has accounted for 35-54% of adult patients, “he said. know.

The link between urbanization and the rise in dengue fever, according to Lan, is that urban centers are always attracting new workforce, moving people from out of the outbreak to endemic areas, making Increasing the susceptible population to disease. High population density in fast-growing urban areas also facilitates the spread of disease.

According to Lan, urban lifestyles inadvertently create new containers that are conducive to the growth of larvae and mosquitoes, such as plastic bags, tires, pots, bottles, cans and soft drinks. This material is more difficult to handle and control, compared to common household water jars that have previously been contaminated with lizards like jars, jars and jars. Mr. Tran Dac Phu, head of the Preventive Medicine Department of the Ministry of Health, also said that many cases of plant nursery tests in the house were also many lures, causing illness in the family.

If you get sick, go to the hospital early

Dengue fever is rapidly evolving and at risk of dying, so Hanh warns people with high fever, headache, hemorrhage or nosebleeds, or abnormal periods that require immediate hospitalization. Examining, treating and avoiding life-threatening diseases.

Meanwhile, the Preventive Medicine Center of Ho Chi Minh City guides actively to prevent dengue fever, families, schools, agencies … to actively implement measures to kill luring mosquitoes, kill mosquitoes and avoid mosquitoes. ignorant.

Specifically, find and eliminate lobster every week by closing water storage containers, rinsing and replacing water in the water tank every week, and dropping salt into the pots to kill larvae. Remove waste products … Every day actively kill mosquitoes with mosquito spray, electric mosquito netting, mosquito …

Avoid mosquito bites day and night by applying anti-mosquito cream, using mosquito incense set near the door so that mosquitoes do not fly in or near the workplace. In the area where mosquitoes should sleep mosquitoes both night and day, using mosquito nets from outside to fly …

In addition, people should coordinate with local authorities and local authorities in spraying mosquitoes. When a suspected dengue fever patient is diagnosed, such as a high fever for more than two days with one of the following symptoms: headache, arthralgia, rash, diarrhea, nasal bleeding , Root canal bleeding … must quickly take the patient to the doctor and notify the local health station.

At the beginning of the year, three patients died in Tra Vinh

According to Tran Dac Phu, there are 1,700-1,800 new dengue hemorrhagic fever patients every week in the whole country. Provinces such as Ha Noi, Quang Nam, Ca Mau, Da Nang, Tra Vinh and Quang Ngai are among the provinces with high morbidity as compared to the same period of 2016.

According to Dr. Nguyen Van Lo – Director of Tra Vinh Preventive Medicine Center, from the beginning of the year to June 4, the number of dengue cases in this province was up to 576 cases (an increase of 239 cases over the same period). 2016). In particular, there were 3 patients died of dengue (same period last year no deaths).

In Ben Tre province, in the first 5 months of this year, the number of dengar cases decreased compared with the same period in 2016 but the number of severe cases increased more than 21 cases. In it, one patient died.

LA – TL – M.Tr.

According to LAN ANH – THUY DUONG (tuoitre.vn)

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